Dictionnaire bidirectionnel 1 à 1 en C #

Je cherche un générique, bidirectionnel 1 à 1 dictionnaire classe en C # (2), c.-à-d. un BiDictionaryOneToOne qui est garanti pour ne contenir qu’une seule de chaque valeur et clé (jusqu’à RefEquals de toute façon), et qui peut être recherchée en utilisant une clé ou une valeur. Quelqu’un en connaît-il un ou devrais-je le mettre en œuvre moi-même? Je ne peux pas croire que je suis la première personne à avoir besoin de ça …

Il y a un BiDictionary dans les réponses à cette question , mais ce n’est pas pour les éléments uniques (et n’implémente pas non plus RemoveByFirst (T t) ou RemoveBySecond (S s)).

Merci!

OK, voici ma tentative (en s’appuyant sur les remerciements de Jon), archivée ici et ouverte à l’amélioration:

 ///  /// This is a dictionary guaranteed to have only one of each value and key. /// It may be searched either by TFirst or by TSecond, giving a unique answer because it is 1 to 1. ///  /// The type of the "key" /// The type of the "value" public class BiDictionaryOneToOne { IDictionary firstToSecond = new Dictionary(); IDictionary secondToFirst = new Dictionary(); #region Exception throwing methods ///  /// Tries to add the pair to the dictionary. /// Throws an exception if either element is already in the dictionary ///  ///  ///  public void Add(TFirst first, TSecond second) { if (firstToSecond.ContainsKey(first) || secondToFirst.ContainsKey(second)) throw new ArgumentException("Duplicate first or second"); firstToSecond.Add(first, second); secondToFirst.Add(second, first); } ///  /// Find the TSecond corresponding to the TFirst first /// Throws an exception if first is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the value corresponding to first public TSecond GetByFirst(TFirst first) { TSecond second; if (!firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second)) throw new ArgumentException("first"); return second; } ///  /// Find the TFirst corresponing to the Second second. /// Throws an exception if second is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the value corresponding to second public TFirst GetBySecond(TSecond second) { TFirst first; if (!secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first)) throw new ArgumentException("second"); return first; } ///  /// Remove the record containing first. /// If first is not in the dictionary, throws an Exception. ///  /// the key of the record to delete public void RemoveByFirst(TFirst first) { TSecond second; if (!firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second)) throw new ArgumentException("first"); firstToSecond.Remove(first); secondToFirst.Remove(second); } ///  /// Remove the record containing second. /// If second is not in the dictionary, throws an Exception. ///  /// the key of the record to delete public void RemoveBySecond(TSecond second) { TFirst first; if (!secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first)) throw new ArgumentException("second"); secondToFirst.Remove(second); firstToSecond.Remove(first); } #endregion #region Try methods ///  /// Tries to add the pair to the dictionary. /// Returns false if either element is already in the dictionary ///  ///  ///  /// true if successfully added, false if either element are already in the dictionary public Boolean TryAdd(TFirst first, TSecond second) { if (firstToSecond.ContainsKey(first) || secondToFirst.ContainsKey(second)) return false; firstToSecond.Add(first, second); secondToFirst.Add(second, first); return true; } ///  /// Find the TSecond corresponding to the TFirst first. /// Returns false if first is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the corresponding value /// true if first is in the dictionary, false otherwise public Boolean TryGetByFirst(TFirst first, out TSecond second) { return firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second); } ///  /// Find the TFirst corresponding to the TSecond second. /// Returns false if second is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the corresponding value /// true if second is in the dictionary, false otherwise public Boolean TryGetBySecond(TSecond second, out TFirst first) { return secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first); } ///  /// Remove the record containing first, if there is one. ///  ///  ///  If first is not in the dictionary, returns false, otherwise true public Boolean TryRemoveByFirst(TFirst first) { TSecond second; if (!firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second)) return false; firstToSecond.Remove(first); secondToFirst.Remove(second); return true; } ///  /// Remove the record containing second, if there is one. ///  ///  ///  If second is not in the dictionary, returns false, otherwise true public Boolean TryRemoveBySecond(TSecond second) { TFirst first; if (!secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first)) return false; secondToFirst.Remove(second); firstToSecond.Remove(first); return true; } #endregion ///  /// The number of pairs stored in the dictionary ///  public Int32 Count { get { return firstToSecond.Count; } } ///  /// Removes all items from the dictionary. ///  public void Clear() { firstToSecond.Clear(); secondToFirst.Clear(); } } 

Une implémentation plus complète du dictionnaire bidirectionnel:

  • Prend en charge presque toutes les interfaces du Dictionary origine Dictionary (sauf les interfaces d’infrastructure):
    • IDictionary
    • IReadOnlyDictionary
    • IDictionary
    • ICollection> (celle-ci et les interfaces de base ci-dessus)
    • ICollection
    • IReadOnlyCollection>
    • IEnumerable>
    • IEnumerable
  • Sérialisation à l’ aide de SerializableAtsortingbute .
  • Vue de débogage à l’ aide de DebuggerDisplayAtsortingbute (avec Count info) et DebuggerTypeProxyAtsortingbute (pour l’affichage de paires clé-valeur dans les montres).
  • Le dictionnaire inversé est disponible sous la forme IDictionary Reverse Propriété IDictionary Reverse et implémente également toutes les interfaces mentionnées ci-dessus. Toutes les opérations sur les deux dictionnaires modifient les deux.

Usage:

 var dic = new BiDictionary(); dic.Add(1, "1"); dic[2] = "2"; dic.Reverse.Add("3", 3); dic.Reverse["4"] = 4; dic.Clear(); 

Le code est disponible dans mon framework privé sur GitHub: BiDictionary (TFirst, TSecond) .cs ( permalink , search ).

Copie:

 [Serializable] [DebuggerDisplay ("Count = {Count}"), DebuggerTypeProxy (typeof(DictionaryDebugView< ,>))] public class BiDictionary : IDictionary, IReadOnlyDictionary, IDictionary { private readonly IDictionary _firstToSecond = new Dictionary(); [NonSerialized] private readonly IDictionary _secondToFirst = new Dictionary(); [NonSerialized] private readonly ReverseDictionary _reverseDictionary; public BiDictionary () { _reverseDictionary = new ReverseDictionary(this); } public IDictionary Reverse { get { return _reverseDictionary; } } public int Count { get { return _firstToSecond.Count; } } object ICollection.SyncRoot { get { return ((ICollection)_firstToSecond).SyncRoot; } } bool ICollection.IsSynchronized { get { return ((ICollection)_firstToSecond).IsSynchronized; } } bool IDictionary.IsFixedSize { get { return ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).IsFixedSize; } } public bool IsReadOnly { get { return _firstToSecond.IsReadOnly || _secondToFirst.IsReadOnly; } } public TSecond this [TFirst key] { get { return _firstToSecond[key]; } set { _firstToSecond[key] = value; _secondToFirst[value] = key; } } object IDictionary.this [object key] { get { return ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond)[key]; } set { ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond)[key] = value; ((IDictionary)_secondToFirst)[value] = key; } } public ICollection Keys { get { return _firstToSecond.Keys; } } ICollection IDictionary.Keys { get { return ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).Keys; } } IEnumerable IReadOnlyDictionary.Keys { get { return ((IReadOnlyDictionary)_firstToSecond).Keys; } } public ICollection Values { get { return _firstToSecond.Values; } } ICollection IDictionary.Values { get { return ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).Values; } } IEnumerable IReadOnlyDictionary.Values { get { return ((IReadOnlyDictionary)_firstToSecond).Values; } } public IEnumerator> GetEnumerator () { return _firstToSecond.GetEnumerator(); } IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator () { return GetEnumerator(); } IDictionaryEnumerator IDictionary.GetEnumerator () { return ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).GetEnumerator(); } public void Add (TFirst key, TSecond value) { _firstToSecond.Add(key, value); _secondToFirst.Add(value, key); } void IDictionary.Add (object key, object value) { ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).Add(key, value); ((IDictionary)_secondToFirst).Add(value, key); } public void Add (KeyValuePair item) { _firstToSecond.Add(item); _secondToFirst.Add(item.Reverse()); } public bool ContainsKey (TFirst key) { return _firstToSecond.ContainsKey(key); } public bool Contains (KeyValuePair item) { return _firstToSecond.Contains(item); } public bool TryGetValue (TFirst key, out TSecond value) { return _firstToSecond.TryGetValue(key, out value); } public bool Remove (TFirst key) { TSecond value; if (_firstToSecond.TryGetValue(key, out value)) { _firstToSecond.Remove(key); _secondToFirst.Remove(value); return true; } else return false; } void IDictionary.Remove (object key) { var firstToSecond = (IDictionary)_firstToSecond; if (!firstToSecond.Contains(key)) return; var value = firstToSecond[key]; firstToSecond.Remove(key); ((IDictionary)_secondToFirst).Remove(value); } public bool Remove (KeyValuePair item) { return _firstToSecond.Remove(item); } public bool Contains (object key) { return ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).Contains(key); } public void Clear () { _firstToSecond.Clear(); _secondToFirst.Clear(); } public void CopyTo (KeyValuePair[] array, int arrayIndex) { _firstToSecond.CopyTo(array, arrayIndex); } void ICollection.CopyTo (Array array, int index) { ((IDictionary)_firstToSecond).CopyTo(array, index); } [OnDeserialized] internal void OnDeserialized (StreamingContext context) { _secondToFirst.Clear(); foreach (var item in _firstToSecond) _secondToFirst.Add(item.Value, item.Key); } private class ReverseDictionary : IDictionary, IReadOnlyDictionary, IDictionary { private readonly BiDictionary _owner; public ReverseDictionary (BiDictionary owner) { _owner = owner; } public int Count { get { return _owner._secondToFirst.Count; } } object ICollection.SyncRoot { get { return ((ICollection)_owner._secondToFirst).SyncRoot; } } bool ICollection.IsSynchronized { get { return ((ICollection)_owner._secondToFirst).IsSynchronized; } } bool IDictionary.IsFixedSize { get { return ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).IsFixedSize; } } public bool IsReadOnly { get { return _owner._secondToFirst.IsReadOnly || _owner._firstToSecond.IsReadOnly; } } public TFirst this [TSecond key] { get { return _owner._secondToFirst[key]; } set { _owner._secondToFirst[key] = value; _owner._firstToSecond[value] = key; } } object IDictionary.this [object key] { get { return ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst)[key]; } set { ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst)[key] = value; ((IDictionary)_owner._firstToSecond)[value] = key; } } public ICollection Keys { get { return _owner._secondToFirst.Keys; } } ICollection IDictionary.Keys { get { return ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).Keys; } } IEnumerable IReadOnlyDictionary.Keys { get { return ((IReadOnlyDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).Keys; } } public ICollection Values { get { return _owner._secondToFirst.Values; } } ICollection IDictionary.Values { get { return ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).Values; } } IEnumerable IReadOnlyDictionary.Values { get { return ((IReadOnlyDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).Values; } } public IEnumerator> GetEnumerator () { return _owner._secondToFirst.GetEnumerator(); } IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator () { return GetEnumerator(); } IDictionaryEnumerator IDictionary.GetEnumerator () { return ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).GetEnumerator(); } public void Add (TSecond key, TFirst value) { _owner._secondToFirst.Add(key, value); _owner._firstToSecond.Add(value, key); } void IDictionary.Add (object key, object value) { ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).Add(key, value); ((IDictionary)_owner._firstToSecond).Add(value, key); } public void Add (KeyValuePair item) { _owner._secondToFirst.Add(item); _owner._firstToSecond.Add(item.Reverse()); } public bool ContainsKey (TSecond key) { return _owner._secondToFirst.ContainsKey(key); } public bool Contains (KeyValuePair item) { return _owner._secondToFirst.Contains(item); } public bool TryGetValue (TSecond key, out TFirst value) { return _owner._secondToFirst.TryGetValue(key, out value); } public bool Remove (TSecond key) { TFirst value; if (_owner._secondToFirst.TryGetValue(key, out value)) { _owner._secondToFirst.Remove(key); _owner._firstToSecond.Remove(value); return true; } else return false; } void IDictionary.Remove (object key) { var firstToSecond = (IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst; if (!firstToSecond.Contains(key)) return; var value = firstToSecond[key]; firstToSecond.Remove(key); ((IDictionary)_owner._firstToSecond).Remove(value); } public bool Remove (KeyValuePair item) { return _owner._secondToFirst.Remove(item); } public bool Contains (object key) { return ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).Contains(key); } public void Clear () { _owner._secondToFirst.Clear(); _owner._firstToSecond.Clear(); } public void CopyTo (KeyValuePair[] array, int arrayIndex) { _owner._secondToFirst.CopyTo(array, arrayIndex); } void ICollection.CopyTo (Array array, int index) { ((IDictionary)_owner._secondToFirst).CopyTo(array, index); } } } internal class DictionaryDebugView { private readonly IDictionary _dictionary; [DebuggerBrowsable (DebuggerBrowsableState.RootHidden)] public KeyValuePair[] Items { get { var array = new KeyValuePair[_dictionary.Count]; _dictionary.CopyTo(array, 0); return array; } } public DictionaryDebugView (IDictionary dictionary) { if (dictionary == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("dictionary"); _dictionary = dictionary; } } public static class KeyValuePairExts { public static KeyValuePair Reverse (this KeyValuePair @this) { return new KeyValuePair(@this.Value, @this.Key); } } 

La question à laquelle vous faites référence montre également une implémentation personnalisée dans cette réponse . L’ajout de RemoveByFirst et RemoveBySecond serait sortingvial, tout comme l’implémentation d’interfaces supplémentaires, etc.

C’est la même chose que la réponse acceptée, mais j’ai aussi fourni des méthodes de Update , et plus encore:

 public class BiDictionary : IEnumerable> { Dictionary _forwards; Dictionary _reverses; public int Count { get { if (_forwards.Count != _reverses.Count) throw new Exception("somewhere logic went wrong and your data got corrupt"); return _forwards.Count; } } public ICollection Key1s { get { return _forwards.Keys; } } public ICollection Key2s { get { return _reverses.Keys; } } public BiDictionary(IEqualityComparer comparer1 = null, IEqualityComparer comparer2 = null) { _forwards = new Dictionary(comparer1); _reverses = new Dictionary(comparer2); } public bool ContainsKey1(TKey1 key) { return ContainsKey(key, _forwards); } private static bool ContainsKey(S key, Dictionary dict) { return dict.ContainsKey(key); } public bool ContainsKey2(TKey2 key) { return ContainsKey(key, _reverses); } public TKey2 GetValueByKey1(TKey1 key) { return GetValueByKey(key, _forwards); } private static T GetValueByKey(S key, Dictionary dict) { return dict[key]; } public TKey1 GetValueByKey2(TKey2 key) { return GetValueByKey(key, _reverses); } public bool TryGetValueByKey1(TKey1 key, out TKey2 value) { return TryGetValue(key, _forwards, out value); } private static bool TryGetValue(S key, Dictionary dict, out T value) { return dict.TryGetValue(key, out value); } public bool TryGetValueByKey2(TKey2 key, out TKey1 value) { return TryGetValue(key, _reverses, out value); } public bool Add(TKey1 key1, TKey2 key2) { if (ContainsKey1(key1) || ContainsKey2(key2)) // very important return false; AddOrUpdate(key1, key2); return true; } public void AddOrUpdateByKey1(TKey1 key1, TKey2 key2) { if (!UpdateByKey1(key1, key2)) AddOrUpdate(key1, key2); } // dont make this public; a dangerous method used cautiously in this class private void AddOrUpdate(TKey1 key1, TKey2 key2) { _forwards[key1] = key2; _reverses[key2] = key1; } public void AddOrUpdateKeyByKey2(TKey2 key2, TKey1 key1) { if (!UpdateByKey2(key2, key1)) AddOrUpdate(key1, key2); } public bool UpdateKey1(TKey1 oldKey, TKey1 newKey) { return UpdateKey(oldKey, _forwards, newKey, (key1, key2) => AddOrUpdate(key1, key2)); } private static bool UpdateKey(S oldKey, Dictionary dict, S newKey, Action updater) { T otherKey; if (!TryGetValue(oldKey, dict, out otherKey) || ContainsKey(newKey, dict)) return false; Remove(oldKey, dict); updater(newKey, otherKey); return true; } public bool UpdateKey2(TKey2 oldKey, TKey2 newKey) { return UpdateKey(oldKey, _reverses, newKey, (key1, key2) => AddOrUpdate(key2, key1)); } public bool UpdateByKey1(TKey1 key1, TKey2 key2) { return UpdateByKey(key1, _forwards, _reverses, key2, (k1, k2) => AddOrUpdate(k1, k2)); } private static bool UpdateByKey(S key1, Dictionary forwards, Dictionary reverses, T key2, Action updater) { T otherKey; if (!TryGetValue(key1, forwards, out otherKey) || ContainsKey(key2, reverses)) return false; if (!Remove(otherKey, reverses)) throw new Exception("somewhere logic went wrong and your data got corrupt"); updater(key1, key2); return true; } public bool UpdateByKey2(TKey2 key2, TKey1 key1) { return UpdateByKey(key2, _reverses, _forwards, key1, (k1, k2) => AddOrUpdate(k2, k1)); } public bool RemoveByKey1(TKey1 key) { return RemoveByKey(key, _forwards, _reverses); } private static bool RemoveByKey(S key, Dictionary keyDict, Dictionary valueDict) { T otherKey; if (!TryGetValue(key, keyDict, out otherKey)) return false; if (!Remove(key, keyDict) || !Remove(otherKey, valueDict)) throw new Exception("somewhere logic went wrong and your data got corrupt"); return true; } private static bool Remove(S key, Dictionary dict) { return dict.Remove(key); } public bool RemoveByKey2(TKey2 key) { return RemoveByKey(key, _reverses, _forwards); } public void Clear() { _forwards.Clear(); _reverses.Clear(); } public IEnumerator> GetEnumerator() { if (_forwards.Count != _reverses.Count) throw new Exception("somewhere logic went wrong and your data got corrupt"); foreach (var item in _forwards) yield return Tuple.Create(item.Key, item.Value); } IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() { return GetEnumerator(); } } 

Similaire à ma réponse ici

Peu de choses à noter:

  1. J’ai implémenté seulement IEnumerable<> . Je ne pense pas que ICollection<> un sens ici puisque tous les noms de méthode pourraient être très différents pour cette structure de collection spéciale. A vous de décider de ce qui devrait aller dans IEnumerable<> . Donc maintenant, vous avez aussi une syntaxe d’initialisation de collection, comme

     var p = new BiDictionary { 1, "a" }, { 2, "b" } }; 
  2. J’ai essayé de lancer des exceptions étranges ici et là – juste pour l’intégrité des données. Juste pour être plus sûr, afin que vous sachiez si mon code contient des bogues.

  3. Performances: Vous pouvez rechercher une Value avec l’une des Keys , ce qui signifie que la méthode Get et Contains nécessite qu’une seule recherche (O (1)). Add nécessite 2 recherches et 2 ajoute. Update nécessite 1 consultation et 2 ajoute. Remove prend 3 recherches. Tous similaires à la réponse acceptée.

J’ai créé une telle classe en utilisant des classes de collection C5.

 public class Mapper : IEnumerable { C5.TreeDictionary KToTMap = new TreeDictionary(); C5.HashDictionary TToKMap = new HashDictionary(); ///  /// Initializes a new instance of the Mapper class. ///  public Mapper() { KToTMap = new TreeDictionary(); TToKMap = new HashDictionary(); } public void Add(K key, T value) { KToTMap.Add(key, value); TToKMap.Add(value, key); } public bool ContainsKey(K key) { return KToTMap.Contains(key); } public int Count { get { return KToTMap.Count; } } public K this[T obj] { get { return TToKMap[obj]; } } public T this[K obj] { get { return KToTMap[obj]; } } public IEnumerator GetEnumerator() { return KToTMap.Values.GetEnumerator(); } System.Collections.IEnumerator System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() { return KToTMap.Values.GetEnumerator(); } } 

Une autre extension à la réponse acceptée. Il implémente IEnumerable pour pouvoir utiliser foreach avec ça. Je me rends compte qu’il y a plus de réponses avec l’implémentation de IEnumerable, mais celle-ci utilise des structs, donc c’est sympa avec le ramassemiettes . Ceci est particulièrement utile dans le moteur Unity (vérifié avec le profileur).

 ///  /// This is a dictionary guaranteed to have only one of each value and key. /// It may be searched either by TFirst or by TSecond, giving a unique answer because it is 1 to 1. /// It implements garbage-collector-friendly IEnumerable. ///  /// The type of the "key" /// The type of the "value" public class BiDictionary : IEnumerable.Pair> { public struct Pair { public TFirst First; public TSecond Second; } public struct Enumerator : IEnumerator, IEnumerator { public Enumerator(Dictionary.Enumerator dictEnumerator) { _dictEnumerator = dictEnumerator; } public Pair Current { get { Pair pair; pair.First = _dictEnumerator.Current.Key; pair.Second = _dictEnumerator.Current.Value; return pair; } } object IEnumerator.Current { get { return Current; } } public void Dispose() { _dictEnumerator.Dispose(); } public bool MoveNext() { return _dictEnumerator.MoveNext(); } public void Reset() { throw new NotSupportedException(); } private Dictionary.Enumerator _dictEnumerator; } #region Exception throwing methods ///  /// Tries to add the pair to the dictionary. /// Throws an exception if either element is already in the dictionary ///  ///  ///  public void Add(TFirst first, TSecond second) { if (_firstToSecond.ContainsKey(first) || _secondToFirst.ContainsKey(second)) throw new ArgumentException("Duplicate first or second"); _firstToSecond.Add(first, second); _secondToFirst.Add(second, first); } ///  /// Find the TSecond corresponding to the TFirst first /// Throws an exception if first is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the value corresponding to first public TSecond GetByFirst(TFirst first) { TSecond second; if (!_firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second)) throw new ArgumentException("first"); return second; } ///  /// Find the TFirst corresponing to the Second second. /// Throws an exception if second is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the value corresponding to second public TFirst GetBySecond(TSecond second) { TFirst first; if (!_secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first)) throw new ArgumentException("second"); return first; } ///  /// Remove the record containing first. /// If first is not in the dictionary, throws an Exception. ///  /// the key of the record to delete public void RemoveByFirst(TFirst first) { TSecond second; if (!_firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second)) throw new ArgumentException("first"); _firstToSecond.Remove(first); _secondToFirst.Remove(second); } ///  /// Remove the record containing second. /// If second is not in the dictionary, throws an Exception. ///  /// the key of the record to delete public void RemoveBySecond(TSecond second) { TFirst first; if (!_secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first)) throw new ArgumentException("second"); _secondToFirst.Remove(second); _firstToSecond.Remove(first); } #endregion #region Try methods ///  /// Tries to add the pair to the dictionary. /// Returns false if either element is already in the dictionary ///  ///  ///  /// true if successfully added, false if either element are already in the dictionary public bool TryAdd(TFirst first, TSecond second) { if (_firstToSecond.ContainsKey(first) || _secondToFirst.ContainsKey(second)) return false; _firstToSecond.Add(first, second); _secondToFirst.Add(second, first); return true; } ///  /// Find the TSecond corresponding to the TFirst first. /// Returns false if first is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the corresponding value /// true if first is in the dictionary, false otherwise public bool TryGetByFirst(TFirst first, out TSecond second) { return _firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second); } ///  /// Find the TFirst corresponding to the TSecond second. /// Returns false if second is not in the dictionary. ///  /// the key to search for /// the corresponding value /// true if second is in the dictionary, false otherwise public bool TryGetBySecond(TSecond second, out TFirst first) { return _secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first); } ///  /// Remove the record containing first, if there is one. ///  ///  ///  If first is not in the dictionary, returns false, otherwise true public bool TryRemoveByFirst(TFirst first) { TSecond second; if (!_firstToSecond.TryGetValue(first, out second)) return false; _firstToSecond.Remove(first); _secondToFirst.Remove(second); return true; } ///  /// Remove the record containing second, if there is one. ///  ///  ///  If second is not in the dictionary, returns false, otherwise true public bool TryRemoveBySecond(TSecond second) { TFirst first; if (!_secondToFirst.TryGetValue(second, out first)) return false; _secondToFirst.Remove(second); _firstToSecond.Remove(first); return true; } #endregion ///  /// The number of pairs stored in the dictionary ///  public Int32 Count { get { return _firstToSecond.Count; } } ///  /// Removes all items from the dictionary. ///  public void Clear() { _firstToSecond.Clear(); _secondToFirst.Clear(); } public Enumerator GetEnumerator() { //enumerator.Reset(firstToSecond.GetEnumerator()); return new Enumerator(_firstToSecond.GetEnumerator()); } IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() { return GetEnumerator(); } IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() { return GetEnumerator(); } private Dictionary _firstToSecond = new Dictionary(); private Dictionary _secondToFirst = new Dictionary(); } 

Un peu tard, mais voici une implémentation que j’ai écrite il y a quelques temps. Il gère quelques cas d’arête intéressants, par exemple lorsque la clé remplace la vérification d’égalité pour réaliser une égalité partielle. Il en résulte que le dictionnaire principal stocke A => 1 mais l’inverse stocke 1 => A' .

Vous accédez au dictionnaire inverse via la propriété Inverse .

 var map = new BidirectionalDictionary(); map.Add(1, 2); var result = map.Inverse[2]; // result is 1 

 // // BidirectionalDictionary.cs // // Author: // Chris Chilvers  // // Copyright (c) 2009 Chris Chilvers // // Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining // a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the // "Software"), to deal in the Software without ressortingction, including // without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, // dissortingbute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to // permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to // the following conditions: // // The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be // included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. // // THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, // EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF // MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND // NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE // LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION // OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION // WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. // using System; using System.Collections; using System.Collections.Generic; namespace Cadenza.Collections { public class BidirectionalDictionary : IDictionary { private readonly IEqualityComparer keyComparer; private readonly IEqualityComparer valueComparer; private readonly Dictionary keysToValues; private readonly Dictionary valuesToKeys; private readonly BidirectionalDictionary inverse; public BidirectionalDictionary () : this (10, null, null) {} public BidirectionalDictionary (int capacity) : this (capacity, null, null) {} public BidirectionalDictionary (IEqualityComparer keyComparer, IEqualityComparer valueComparer) : this (10, keyComparer, valueComparer) { } public BidirectionalDictionary (int capacity, IEqualityComparer keyComparer, IEqualityComparer valueComparer) { if (capacity < 0) throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("capacity", capacity, "capacity cannot be less than 0"); this.keyComparer = keyComparer ?? EqualityComparer.Default; this.valueComparer = valueComparer ?? EqualityComparer.Default; keysToValues = new Dictionary (capacity, this.keyComparer); valuesToKeys = new Dictionary (capacity, this.valueComparer); inverse = new BidirectionalDictionary (this); } private BidirectionalDictionary (BidirectionalDictionary inverse) { this.inverse = inverse; keyComparer = inverse.valueComparer; valueComparer = inverse.keyComparer; valuesToKeys = inverse.keysToValues; keysToValues = inverse.valuesToKeys; } public BidirectionalDictionary Inverse { get { return inverse; } } public ICollection Keys { get { return keysToValues.Keys; } } public ICollection Values { get { return keysToValues.Values; } } public IEnumerator> GetEnumerator () { return keysToValues.GetEnumerator (); } IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator () { return GetEnumerator (); } void ICollection>.CopyTo (KeyValuePair[] array, int arrayIndex) { ((ICollection>) keysToValues).CopyTo (array, arrayIndex); } public bool ContainsKey (TKey key) { if (key == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("key"); return keysToValues.ContainsKey (key); } public bool ContainsValue (TValue value) { if (value == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("value"); return valuesToKeys.ContainsKey (value); } bool ICollection>.Contains (KeyValuePair item) { return ((ICollection>) keysToValues).Contains (item); } public bool TryGetKey (TValue value, out TKey key) { if (value == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("value"); return valuesToKeys.TryGetValue (value, out key); } public bool TryGetValue (TKey key, out TValue value) { if (key == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("key"); return keysToValues.TryGetValue (key, out value); } public TValue this[TKey key] { get { return keysToValues [key]; } set { if (key == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("key"); if (value == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("value"); //foo[5] = "bar"; foo[6] = "bar"; should not be valid //as it would have to remove foo[5], which is unexpected. if (ValueBelongsToOtherKey (key, value)) throw new ArgumentException ("Value already exists", "value"); TValue oldValue; if (keysToValues.TryGetValue (key, out oldValue)) { // Use the current key for this value to stay consistent // with Dictionary which does not alter // the key if it exists. TKey oldKey = valuesToKeys [oldValue]; keysToValues [oldKey] = value; valuesToKeys.Remove (oldValue); valuesToKeys [value] = oldKey; } else { keysToValues [key] = value; valuesToKeys [value] = key; } } } public int Count { get { return keysToValues.Count; } } bool ICollection>.IsReadOnly { get { return false; } } public void Add (TKey key, TValue value) { if (key == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("key"); if (value == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("value"); if (keysToValues.ContainsKey (key)) throw new ArgumentException ("Key already exists", "key"); if (valuesToKeys.ContainsKey (value)) throw new ArgumentException ("Value already exists", "value"); keysToValues.Add (key, value); valuesToKeys.Add (value, key); } public void Replace (TKey key, TValue value) { if (key == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("key"); if (value == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("value"); // replaces a key value pair, if the key or value already exists those mappings will be replaced. // eg you have; a -> b, b -> a; c -> d, d -> c // you add the mapping; a -> d, d -> a // this will remove both of the original mappings Remove (key); inverse.Remove (value); Add (key, value); } void ICollection>.Add (KeyValuePair item) { Add (item.Key, item.Value); } public bool Remove (TKey key) { if (key == null) throw new ArgumentNullException ("key"); TValue value; if (keysToValues.TryGetValue (key, out value)) { keysToValues.Remove (key); valuesToKeys.Remove (value); return true; } else { return false; } } bool ICollection>.Remove (KeyValuePair item) { bool removed = ((ICollection>) keysToValues).Remove (item); if (removed) valuesToKeys.Remove (item.Value); return removed; } public void Clear () { keysToValues.Clear (); valuesToKeys.Clear (); } private bool ValueBelongsToOtherKey (TKey key, TValue value) { TKey otherKey; if (valuesToKeys.TryGetValue (value, out otherKey)) // if the keys are not equal the value belongs to another key return !keyComparer.Equals (key, otherKey); else // value doesn't exist in map, thus it cannot belong to another key return false; } } } 

Original source and tests on github.