La hauteur de la vue Recycler nestede ne recouvre pas son contenu

J’ai une application qui gère les collections de livres (comme les playlists).

Je veux afficher une liste de collection avec un RecyclerView vertical et à l’intérieur de chaque ligne, une liste de livre dans un RecyclerView horizontal.

Quand je mets le layout_height du RecyclerView horizontal interne à 300dp, il est affiché correctement mais quand je le configure sur wrap_content, il n’affiche rien. Je dois utiliser wrap_content car je veux pouvoir modifier le gestionnaire de disposition par programmation pour basculer entre l’affichage vertical et horizontal.

entrer la description de l'image ici

Savez-vous ce que je fais mal?

Ma disposition de fragment:

       

Disposition de l’élément de collection:

           

Élément de liste de livre:

    

Voici mon adaptateur de collection:

 private class CollectionsListAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter { private final Ssortingng TAG = CollectionsListAdapter.class.getSimpleName(); private Context mContext; // Create the ViewHolder class to keep references to your views class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder { private final TextView mHeaderTitleTextView; private final TextView mHeaderCountTextView; private final RecyclerView mHorizontalListView; private final TextView mEmptyTextView; public ViewHolder(View view) { super(view); mHeaderTitleTextView = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.collection_header_tv); mHeaderCountTextView = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.collection_header_count_tv); mHorizontalListView = (RecyclerView) view.findViewById(R.id.collection_book_listview); mEmptyTextView = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.empty_collection_tv); } } public CollectionsListAdapter(Context context) { mContext = context; } @Override public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "CollectionsListAdapter.onCreateViewHolder(" + parent.getId() + ", " + i + ")"); // Create a new view by inflating the row item xml. View v = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.shelf_collection, parent, false); // Set the view to the ViewHolder ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder(v); holder.mHorizontalListView.setHasFixedSize(false); holder.mHorizontalListView.setHorizontalScrollBarEnabled(true); // use a linear layout manager LinearLayoutManager mLayoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(mContext); mLayoutManager.setOrientation(LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL); holder.mHorizontalListView.setLayoutManager(mLayoutManager); return holder; } @Override public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder holder, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "CollectionsListAdapter.onBindViewHolder(" + holder.getPosition() + ", " + i + ")"); Collection collection = mCollectionList.get(i); Log.d(TAG, "Collection : " + collection.getLabel()); holder.mHeaderTitleTextView.setText(collection.getLabel()); holder.mHeaderCountTextView.setText("" + collection.getBooks().size()); // Create an adapter if none exists if (!mBookListAdapterMap.containsKey(collection.getCollectionId())) { mBookListAdapterMap.put(collection.getCollectionId(), new BookListAdapter(getActivity(), collection)); } holder.mHorizontalListView.setAdapter(mBookListAdapterMap.get(collection.getCollectionId())); } @Override public int getItemCount() { return mCollectionList.size(); } } 

Et enfin, l’adaptateur Book:

 private class BookListAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter implements View.OnClickListener { private final Ssortingng TAG = BookListAdapter.class.getSimpleName(); // Create the ViewHolder class to keep references to your views class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder { public ImageView mCoverImageView; public ViewHolder(View view) { super(view); mCoverImageView = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.shelf_item_cover); } } @Override public void onClick(View v) { BookListAdapter.ViewHolder holder = (BookListAdapter.ViewHolder) v.getTag(); int position = holder.getPosition(); final Book book = mCollection.getBooks().get(position); // Click on cover image if (v.getId() == holder.mCoverImageView.getId()) { downloadOrOpenBook(book); return; } } private void downloadOrOpenBook(final Book book) { // do stuff } private Context mContext; private Collection mCollection; public BookListAdapter(Context context, Collection collection) { Log.d(TAG, "BookListAdapter(" + context + ", " + collection + ")"); mCollection = collection; mContext = context; } @Override public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "onCreateViewHolder(" + parent.getId() + ", " + i + ")"); // Create a new view by inflating the row item xml. View v = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.shelf_grid_item, parent, false); // Set the view to the ViewHolder ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder(v); holder.mCoverImageView.setOnClickListener(BookListAdapter.this); // Download or Open holder.mCoverImageView.setTag(holder); return holder; } @Override public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder holder, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "onBindViewHolder(" + holder.getPosition() + ", " + i + ")"); Book book = mCollection.getBooks().get(i); ImageView imageView = holder.mCoverImageView; ImageLoader.getInstance().displayImage(book.getCoverUrl(), imageView); } @Override public int getItemCount() { return mCollection.getBooks().size(); } } 

    Mettre à jour

    De nombreux problèmes liés à cette fonctionnalité de la version 23.2.0 ont été corrigés dans la version 23.2.1.

    Avec la sortie de Support Library version 23.2, RecyclerView supporte maintenant!

    Mettre à jour build.gradle à:

     comstack 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:23.2.1' 

    ou toute version au-delà de cela.

    Cette version apporte une nouvelle fonctionnalité intéressante à l’API LayoutManager: la mesure automatique! Cela permet à un RecyclerView de se dimensionner en fonction de la taille de son contenu. Cela signifie que des scénarios précédemment indisponibles, tels que l’utilisation de WRAP_CONTENT pour une dimension de RecyclerView, sont désormais possibles. Vous trouverez que tous les LayoutManagers intégrés prennent désormais en charge la mesure automatique.

    Cela peut être désactivé via setAutoMeasurementEnabled() si besoin est. Vérifiez en détail ici .

    La solution @ user2302510 ne fonctionne pas aussi bien que prévu. La solution complète pour les deux orientations et les modifications dynamics des données est la suivante:

     public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

    Le code ci-dessus ne fonctionne pas correctement lorsque vous devez créer vos éléments “wrap_content”, car il mesure à la fois la hauteur et la largeur des éléments avec MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED. Après quelques problèmes, j’ai modifié cette solution pour que les éléments puissent maintenant être développés. La seule différence est que la hauteur ou la largeur des parents est fournie par MeasureSpec en fonction de l’orientation de la mise en page.

     public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), heightSpec, mMeasuredDimension); width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, widthSpec, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); recycler.bindViewToPosition(view, position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

    Le gestionnaire de disposition existant ne prend pas encore en charge le contenu d’emballage.

    Vous pouvez créer un nouveau LayoutManager qui étend celui existant et remplace la méthode onMeasure pour mesurer le contenu wrap.

    Comme @ yiğit mentionné, vous devez remplacer onMeasure (). @ User2302510 et @DenisNek ont ​​tous deux de bonnes réponses, mais si vous souhaitez prendre en charge ItemDecoration, vous pouvez utiliser ce gestionnaire de disposition personnalisé.

    Et d’autres réponses ne peuvent pas défiler lorsqu’il y a plus d’éléments que ce qui peut être affiché à l’écran. Celui-ci utilise l’implémentation par défaut d’onMeasure () lorsqu’il y a plus d’éléments que la taille de l’écran.

     public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } // If child view is more than screen size, there is no need to make it wrap content. We can use original onMeasure() so we can scroll view. if (height < heightSize && width < widthSize) { switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } else { super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); } } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); // For adding Item Decor Insets to view super.measureChildWithMargins(view, 0, 0); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight() + getDecoratedLeft(view) + getDecoratedRight(view), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom() + getPaddingBottom() + getDecoratedBottom(view) , p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); // Get decorated measurements measuredDimension[0] = getDecoratedMeasuredWidth(view) + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = getDecoratedMeasuredHeight(view) + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

    Et si vous voulez l’utiliser avec GridLayoutManager, il suffit de l’extraire de GridLayoutManager et de changer

     for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) 

    à

     for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i = i + getSpanCount()) 

    MISE À JOUR Mars 2016

    Par Android Support Library 23.2.1 d’une version de bibliothèque de support. Donc, tous les WRAP_CONTENT devraient fonctionner correctement.

    Veuillez mettre à jour la version d’une bibliothèque dans le fichier gradle.

     comstack 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:23.2.1' 

    Cela permet à un RecyclerView de se dimensionner en fonction de la taille de son contenu. Cela signifie que des scénarios précédemment indisponibles, tels que l’ utilisation de WRAP_CONTENT pour une dimension de RecyclerView, sont désormais possibles .

    vous devrez appeler setAutoMeasureEnabled (true)

    Correction de bugs liés à diverses méthodes de spécification de mesure dans update

    Vérifiez https://developer.android.com/topic/libraries/support-library/features.html

    Cette réponse est basée sur la solution proposée par Denis Nek. Cela résout le problème de ne pas prendre en compte les décorations comme des diviseurs.

     public class WrappingRecyclerViewLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public WrappingRecyclerViewLayoutManager(Context context) { super(context, VERTICAL, false); } public WrappingRecyclerViewLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); Rect outRect = new Rect(); calculateItemDecorationsForChild(view, outRect); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin + outRect.bottom + outRect.top; recycler.recycleView(view); } } 

    }

    Une alternative à l’extension de LayoutManager peut être de définir manuellement la taille de la vue.

    Nombre d’éléments par hauteur de ligne (si tous les éléments ont la même hauteur et que le séparateur est inclus dans la ligne)

     LinearLayout.LayoutParams params = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams) mListView.getLayoutParams(); params.height = mAdapter.getItemCount() * getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.row_height); mListView.setLayoutParams(params); 

    Est-ce toujours une solution de contournement, mais pour les cas de base, cela fonctionne.

    Solution utilisée par @ sinan-kozak, sauf quelques bugs corrigés. Plus précisément, nous ne devrions pas utiliser View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED à la fois pour la largeur et la hauteur lors de l’appel de measureScrapChild car cela ne tiendra pas compte du texte measureScrapChild dans l’enfant. Au lieu de cela, nous passerons par les modes largeur et hauteur du parent, ce qui permettra aux choses de fonctionner à la fois pour les dispositions horizontales et verticales.

     public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(heightSize, heightMode), mMeasuredDimension); width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(widthSize, widthMode), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } // If child view is more than screen size, there is no need to make it wrap content. We can use original onMeasure() so we can scroll view. if (height < heightSize && width < widthSize) { switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } else { super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); } } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); // For adding Item Decor Insets to view super.measureChildWithMargins(view, 0, 0); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight() + getDecoratedLeft(view) + getDecoratedRight(view), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom() + getDecoratedTop(view) + getDecoratedBottom(view) , p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); // Get decorated measurements measuredDimension[0] = getDecoratedMeasuredWidth(view) + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = getDecoratedMeasuredHeight(view) + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

    `

    Ici, j’ai trouvé une solution: https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=74772

    Ce n’est en aucun cas ma solution. Je viens juste de le copier à partir de là, mais j’espère que cela va aider quelqu’un autant que cela m’a aidé lors de l’implémentation horizontale de RecyclerView et de wrap_content height (cela devrait fonctionner aussi pour la largeur verticale et la largeur de wrap_content)

    La solution consiste à étendre le LayoutManager et à remplacer sa méthode onMeasure comme suggéré par @yigit.

    Voici le code dans le cas où le lien meurt:

     public static class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context) { super(context); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); measureScrapChild(recycler, 0, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); int width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; int height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: width = widthSize; break; case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: height = heightSize; break; case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth(); measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight(); recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

    Oui, la solution de contournement indiquée dans toutes les réponses est correcte, c’est-à-dire que nous devons personnaliser le gestionnaire de disposition linéaire pour calculer la hauteur de ses éléments enfants de manière dynamic au moment de l’exécution. Mais toutes les réponses ne fonctionnent pas comme prévu. Veuillez vous reporter à la réponse ci-dessous pour le gestionnaire de disposition personnalisé avec tous les conseils d’orientation.

     public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager { private static boolean canMakeInsetsDirty = true; private static Field insetsDirtyField = null; private static final int CHILD_WIDTH = 0; private static final int CHILD_HEIGHT = 1; private static final int DEFAULT_CHILD_SIZE = 100; private final int[] childDimensions = new int[2]; private final RecyclerView view; private int childSize = DEFAULT_CHILD_SIZE; private boolean hasChildSize; private int overScrollMode = ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_ALWAYS; private final Rect tmpRect = new Rect(); @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context) { super(context); this.view = null; } @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); this.view = null; } @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(RecyclerView view) { super(view.getContext()); this.view = view; this.overScrollMode = ViewCompat.getOverScrollMode(view); } @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(RecyclerView view, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(view.getContext(), orientation, reverseLayout); this.view = view; this.overScrollMode = ViewCompat.getOverScrollMode(view); } public void setOverScrollMode(int overScrollMode) { if (overScrollMode < ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_ALWAYS || overScrollMode > ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_NEVER) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unknown overscroll mode: " + overScrollMode); if (this.view == null) throw new IllegalStateException("view == null"); this.overScrollMode = overScrollMode; ViewCompat.setOverScrollMode(view, overScrollMode); } public static int makeUnspecifiedSpec() { return View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); } @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); final boolean hasWidthSize = widthMode != View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED; final boolean hasHeightSize = heightMode != View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED; final boolean exactWidth = widthMode == View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY; final boolean exactHeight = heightMode == View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY; final int unspecified = makeUnspecifiedSpec(); if (exactWidth && exactHeight) { // in case of exact calculations for both dimensions let's use default "onMeasure" implementation super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); return; } final boolean vertical = getOrientation() == VERTICAL; initChildDimensions(widthSize, heightSize, vertical); int width = 0; int height = 0; // it's possible to get scrap views in recycler which are bound to old (invalid) adapter entities. This // happens because their invalidation happens after "onMeasure" method. As a workaround let's clear the // recycler now (it should not cause any performance issues while scrolling as "onMeasure" is never // called whiles scrolling) recycler.clear(); final int stateItemCount = state.getItemCount(); final int adapterItemCount = getItemCount(); // adapter always contains actual data while state might contain old data (fe data before the animation is // done). As we want to measure the view with actual data we must use data from the adapter and not from the // state for (int i = 0; i < adapterItemCount; i++) { if (vertical) { if (!hasChildSize) { if (i < stateItemCount) { // we should not exceed state count, otherwise we'll get IndexOutOfBoundsException. For such items // we will use previously calculated dimensions measureChild(recycler, i, widthSize, unspecified, childDimensions); } else { logMeasureWarning(i); } } height += childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT]; if (i == 0) { width = childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH]; } if (hasHeightSize && height >= heightSize) { break; } } else { if (!hasChildSize) { if (i < stateItemCount) { // we should not exceed state count, otherwise we'll get IndexOutOfBoundsException. For such items // we will use previously calculated dimensions measureChild(recycler, i, unspecified, heightSize, childDimensions); } else { logMeasureWarning(i); } } width += childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH]; if (i == 0) { height = childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT]; } if (hasWidthSize && width >= widthSize) { break; } } } if (exactWidth) { width = widthSize; } else { width += getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(); if (hasWidthSize) { width = Math.min(width, widthSize); } } if (exactHeight) { height = heightSize; } else { height += getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(); if (hasHeightSize) { height = Math.min(height, heightSize); } } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); if (view != null && overScrollMode == ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_IF_CONTENT_SCROLLS) { final boolean fit = (vertical && (!hasHeightSize || height < heightSize)) || (!vertical && (!hasWidthSize || width < widthSize)); ViewCompat.setOverScrollMode(view, fit ? ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_NEVER : ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_ALWAYS); } } private void logMeasureWarning(int child) { if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) { Log.w("MyLinearLayoutManager", "Can't measure child #" + child + ", previously used dimensions will be reused." + "To remove this message either use #setChildSize() method or don't run RecyclerView animations"); } } private void initChildDimensions(int width, int height, boolean vertical) { if (childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] != 0 || childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] != 0) { // already initialized, skipping return; } if (vertical) { childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = width; childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = childSize; } else { childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = childSize; childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = height; } } @Override public void setOrientation(int orientation) { // might be called before the constructor of this class is called //noinspection ConstantConditions if (childDimensions != null) { if (getOrientation() != orientation) { childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = 0; childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = 0; } } super.setOrientation(orientation); } public void clearChildSize() { hasChildSize = false; setChildSize(DEFAULT_CHILD_SIZE); } public void setChildSize(int childSize) { hasChildSize = true; if (this.childSize != childSize) { this.childSize = childSize; requestLayout(); } } private void measureChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSize, int heightSize, int[] dimensions) { final View child; try { child = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); } catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) { if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) { Log.w("MyLinearLayoutManager", "MyLinearLayoutManager doesn't work well with animations. Consider switching them off", e); } return; } final RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams(); final int hPadding = getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(); final int vPadding = getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(); final int hMargin = p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; final int vMargin = p.topMargin + p.bottomMargin; // we must make insets dirty in order calculateItemDecorationsForChild to work makeInsetsDirty(p); // this method should be called before any getXxxDecorationXxx() methods calculateItemDecorationsForChild(child, tmpRect); final int hDecoration = getRightDecorationWidth(child) + getLeftDecorationWidth(child); final int vDecoration = getTopDecorationHeight(child) + getBottomDecorationHeight(child); final int childWidthSpec = getChildMeasureSpec(widthSize, hPadding + hMargin + hDecoration, p.width, canScrollHorizontally()); final int childHeightSpec = getChildMeasureSpec(heightSize, vPadding + vMargin + vDecoration, p.height, canScrollVertically()); child.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); dimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = getDecoratedMeasuredWidth(child) + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; dimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = getDecoratedMeasuredHeight(child) + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; // as view is recycled let's not keep old measured values makeInsetsDirty(p); recycler.recycleView(child); } private static void makeInsetsDirty(RecyclerView.LayoutParams p) { if (!canMakeInsetsDirty) { return; } try { if (insetsDirtyField == null) { insetsDirtyField = RecyclerView.LayoutParams.class.getDeclaredField("mInsetsDirty"); insetsDirtyField.setAccessible(true); } insetsDirtyField.set(p, true); } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) { onMakeInsertDirtyFailed(); } catch (IllegalAccessException e) { onMakeInsertDirtyFailed(); } } private static void onMakeInsertDirtyFailed() { canMakeInsetsDirty = false; if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) { Log.w("MyLinearLayoutManager", "Can't make LayoutParams insets dirty, decorations measurements might be incorrect"); } } } 

    La bibliothèque de support Android gère désormais également la propriété WRAP_CONTENT. Importez simplement ceci dans votre gradle.

     comstack 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:23.2.0' 

    Et fait!

    Basé sur le travail de Denis Nek, cela fonctionne bien si la sum des largeurs de l’article est inférieure à la taille du conteneur. à part cela, il rendra la recyclerview non défilable et affichera uniquement le sous-ensemble des données.

    pour résoudre ce problème, j’ai modifié la solution pour qu’elle choisisse le min de la taille et de la taille fournies. voir ci-dessous:

     package com.linkdev.gafi.adapters; import android.content.Context; import android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager; import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView; import android.view.View; import android.view.ViewGroup; import com.linkdev.gafi.R; public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); this.c = context; } private Context c; private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } int widthDesired = Math.min(widthSize,width); setMeasuredDimension(widthDesired, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } }} 

    J’ai essayé toutes les solutions, elles sont très utiles mais cela ne fonctionne que très bien pour moi

     public class LinearLayoutManager extends android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager { public LinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), heightSpec, mMeasuredDimension); width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, widthSpec, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } if (height < heightSize || width < widthSize) { switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } else { super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); } } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); recycler.bindViewToPosition(view, position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } }